NOVAsom U5 Hardware User Manual
Download this user manual in pdf here:
- 1 Welcome to the NOVAsom U5 world
- 2 Features
- 3 Description
- 4 Board Layout, Connectors description and Configuration
- 4.1 Board Layout
- 4.2 Connectors list and function
- 4.3 Connectors pinout
- 4.4 J6 LCD Connector pinout
- 4.5 J11 Audio (Option)
- 4.6 J12 Audio Connector pinout
- 4.7 J13 Additional Expansion Connector pinout
- 4.8 J16 Expansion Connector pinout
- 4.9 J17 Second Expansion Connector
- 4.10 J20 & J21 Antennas Connectors
- 4.11 Power Input
- 5 Electrical characteristics
- 6 Operational characteristics
- 7 Board outline and mechanical dimensions
- 8 Troubleshooting
- 9 Contacts
- 10 Document revisions, references and notes
Welcome to the NOVAsom U5 world
Thank you for choosing this NOVAsom Industries product.
Please carefully read this user guide before using the device for the first time to ensure safe and proper use.
In particular note that:
- Contents and illustrations may differ from your device, depending on the software version, OS version or product improvements that NOVAsom Industries judges important, and are subject to change without prior notice. Always stay updated visiting www.novasomindustries.com .
- Descriptions are based on the device default settings.
- Modifying the device, the device’s operating system or installing software from unofficial sources may damage the device itself and lead to data corruption or data loss, or worst, hardware damage. Such actions will violate your NOVAsom Industries license agreement and void your warranty.
- Always use genuine NOVAsom Industries accessories. The supplied items are designed only for this device and may not be compatible with other devices. To have further information on this specific item visit www.novasomindustries.com .
- Default applications on the device are subject to updates, and support for these applications may be withdrawn without prior notice. If you have any questions about an application provided with the device, please contact NOVAsom Industries at www.novasomindustries.com .
- Software, audio, wallpaper, images, and other media supplied with your device or found in the appropriate SDK are licensed for limited use. If you extract and use these materials for commercial or other purposes, you may be infringing copyright laws. As a user, you are fully responsible for the illegal use of media.
The NOVAsom U5 family is a product line from NOVAsom Industries, targeted toward the low-price market (vending, domotics, IoT, etc.) and designed to compete with low cost boards while maintaining NOVAsom Industries high quality level.
NOVAsom U5 is a very small NOVAsom board, approximately credit card size, but with all the necessary to guarantee an immediate bootstrap, driving a display, connecting via Ethernet and USB.
It’s equipped with one 2.54 mm. dual row strip PI compatible for external expansions. 1 standard products with different configurations is available:
- NOVAsomU5A: with processor NXP® iMX6ULL @1GHz,512MB RAM DDR3 5V power Supply, no battery charger, no RS485, no Wi-Fi
- NOVAsomU5C: with processor NXP® iMX6ULL @1GHz,512MB RAM DDR3 6,5-18V power supply, battery charger, RS 485, Wi-Fi
This list is only an example and will vary with time, more information about product status and availability can be found visiting | www.novasomindustries.com.
From the integrator point of view the board is a full-fledged SBC, with video and communications capabilities and requires a single supply from a wall cube or a generic external power supply.
The main characteristics of the NOVAsom U5 are:
On Board Peripherals:
- Up to 1GBytes 16 bit wide DDR
- 1 bootable µSD slot up to 32GBytes
- 1 Ethernet port @ 10/100 Mbit/sec.
- 1 1366x768 RGB video output port
- 1 Integrated RTC with optional external battery connector
- Audio codec with HP Output - 62.5 mW max, 1.02 kHz sine into 16 Ω load, 100dB SNR (-60dB input) and -80 dB THD+N (16 Ω load, DAC to headphone) and LINEOUT - 100dB SNR (-60dB input) and -85 dB THD+N
- 1 USB Host connector
- 1 Remote IR input with optional connector
- 1 Power led and 1 User Driven led
- 3.5mm Jack audio connector
- Standard 2.5mm Power Supply Jack for 6.5Vcc to 12Vcc input, central positive
- Wi-Fi / Bluetooth USB connected module with dual UFL antenna connector (optional on some versions)
On Expansion Connectors (J16):
- 1 I2C @ 3.3V
- 1 SPI @ 50 MHz maximum
- 8 GPIO @ 3.3V
- 1 Full UART @ 3.3V (TX; RX; RTS; CTS)
- 1 PCM AUDIO @ 3.3V
- 1 x RS232
- 1 x µSD/eMMC plus 3 GPIO
- 1 x TX/RX only UART
On Additional Expansion Connectors (J13):
- 1 x RS232 (Note 2)
- 1 x RS485 with transceiver and termination (Note 2) (optional on some versions)
- External On/Off control (Note 1)
- USB OTG Port (Note 1)
On IR Expansion Connectors (J15):
- Input from IR detector (Note 1) (Note 2)
- Output led for IR feedback (Note 1) (Note 2)
Note 1: these pins have a dedicated function and cannot be used as GPIO
Note 2: these pins have the appropriate driver
All the pins without (Note 1) or (Note 2) can be programmed as GPIO or programmed accordingly to the functions described in table 6 and table 7 below.
The connectors J16 is normally not equipped with the pin strip.
The user has so the choice to use a male or female contact type, and to solder the strips on top or bottom of the NOVAsom U5, use partially populated connectors or a mix of them.
The NOVAsom U5 family is equipped with iMX6 ULL processor, up to 1GByte DDR3L and Wi-Fi/BT, 100 Mbps Ethernet with magnetic connector on board and PI compatible expansion connector. UPS-Manager©, Wi-Fi, qSPI memory and other options are available on request.
Visit | www.novasomindustries.com, you can download drawings and mechanical drawing.
Note: the signal names have been maintained the same as in the CPU manual.
Having different GPIOs with different functions, only the functions implemented at DTB kernel level have been reported below. If you need to combine different functions with the GPIOs this will be possible after modification of the DTB kernel.
More information on the various possible combinations can be found in the CPU manual.
Board Layout, Connectors description and Configuration
In Figure 1 you can see the NOVAsom U5 board TOP General Layout, in Figure 2 you can see the NOVAsom U5 board BOTTOM general Layout.
Figure 1: NOVAsom U5 top view
Figure 2: NOVAsom U5 bottom view
Connectors list and function
In Figure 3 you can see the NOVAsom U5 board connectors top placement, while in Figure 4 you can see the NOVAsom U5 board connectors bottom placement.
Figure 3: NOVAsom U5 top view
Figure 4: NOVAsom U5 bottom view
In Table 1 you can see the NOVAsom U5 board connectors and the mating connectors.
The connectors marked with “-“ are for internal use only.
|J2||JST||BM02B-SURS-TF(LF) (SN)||External battery|
|J13||16 pin header|
|J16||40 pin header|
|J17||16 pin header|
|J21||HIROSE||U.FL-R-SMT-1||UFL Antenna NU|
Table 1: Connectors pinout
In the Table 2 you can see the NOVAsom U5 board connectors functions and pin assignment.
|Connector||Manufacturer||Connector P/N||Function||Pinout||Signal Name|
|J6||AMPHENOL||62684-401100ALF||LCD (RGB)||see chapter 4.4|
|J10||Abracon||ARJE-0032||Ethernet+USB||See ARJE-0032 datasheet|
|J11||MOLEX||53261-0671||Line audio||see chapter 4.5|
|J12||CUI||audio||see chapter 4.6|
|J13||NP||16 pin header||see chapter 4.7|
|J16||NP||40 pin header||see chapter 4.8|
|J17||NP||16 pin header||see chapter 4.9|
|J19||2 pin header||Test Point|
|J20||HIROSE||U.FL-R-SMT-1||UFL Antenna||see chapter 4.10|
|J21||HIROSE||U.FL-R-SMT-1||UFL Antenna NU||see chapter 4.10|
Table 2: Connectors functions
(*) Note: the μSD slot is 3.3V powered and has no provisions to manage the insertion or the removal of the
μSD card with power applied, and thus no ESD protections equip the μSD slot.
The insertion or the removal of a μSD card with applied power may result in a permanent damage to the card or, worst, to the NOVAsom U5 board.
The card MUST be inserted without power applied.
The presence switch that equips the μSD slot of the NOVAsom U5 board signals to the processor that a card is in the slot, thus allowing the boot process to read the bootloader from the μSD slot.
If the card is not found when the power is applied the boot process will look in eMMC chip for a valid bootloader code but the presence of the eMMC depends on the NOVAsom U5 board equipment.
The μSD slot is a push-push operated slot.
Removing the μSD card without pushing will result in mechanical failure of the slot itself.
J6 LCD Connector pinout
Figure 5: J6 LCD Connectors pinout
J11 Audio (Option)
Figure 6: J11 Audio connector detail (option)
J12 Audio Connector pinout
Figure 7: J12 Audio connector detail, default OMTP
J13 Additional Expansion Connector pinout
Figure 8: J13 detail
J16 Expansion Connector pinout
Figure 9: J16 Details
Table 3: J16 Connectors pinout
J17 Second Expansion Connector
Figure 10: J17 detail
J20 & J21 Antennas Connectors
Figure 11: J20 and J21 details
Figure 12: Power Input Section
Absolute maximum ratings
|VINHIGH||6.5 to 18V (up to 21Vcc for t < 100 uSec. )|
|3.3V pin input voltage (2)||-0.3V to 3.6V|
|Battery Voltage Input||-0.3V to 3.6V|
|3.3V pin output voltage (2)||-0.3V to 3.6V|
|Input clamp current for 3.3V pin (2)||±10mA|
|Dedicated pin: RS232||±15V|
Table 4: Absolute maximum ratings
(1) Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute maximum ratings” may cause permanent damage to the board. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under “Recommended operating conditions” is not implied. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect board reliability.
(2) The input and output voltage ratings may be exceeded if the input and output current ratings are observed.
Recommended operating conditions
|VINHIGH||6.5V to 12.5 Vcc (up to 21Vcc for t < 100 uSec.)|
|3.3V pin input voltage (2)||0V to 3.3V|
|Battery Voltage Input||0V to 3V|
|3.3V pin output voltage (2)||0V to 3.3V|
|Input clamp current for 3.3V pin (2)||±2mA|
|Dedicated pin: RS232||±12V|
|Power drawn from LCD power||50mA|
|Power drawn from LCD backlight||150 mA @ 20V|
Table 5: Recommended operating conditions
Power consumption and power dissipation
All measurements are done with an input voltage of 12V with a Base file system and a 1366x768 LCD panel with 20 mA of backlight current.
- Boot phase: 80 mA
- Running: 120 mA Suspend to memory: 110 mA
- Standby to memory: 20 mA (Backlight off)
- Freeze to memory: 20 mA (Backlight off)
For the details of the low power modes consult the NXP i.MX 6ULL Applications Processor Reference Manual
USB relevant standards
- Universal Serial Bus Specification, Rev. 2.0 (Compaq, Hewlett-Packard, Intel, Lucent, Microsoft, NEC, Philips; 2000)
- On-The-Go and Embedded Host Supplement to the USB Revision 2.0 Specification (Hewlett-Packard Company, Intel Corporation, LSI Corporation, Microsoft Corporation, Renesas Electronics Corporation, ST-Ericsson; 2012).
Development system requirements
From the NOVAsom Industries web site | www.novasomindustries.com the user can download the NOVAsom SDK to ease the development process for all the NOVAsom Industries boards.
The NOVAsom U5 board is currently supported at the boot level, and there is the standard BSP support in form of device tree blob, or DTB.
The NOVAsom SDK is a virtual machine tool, running on a Fedora 20 core and based on VirtualBox.
The Virtual Machine is thus compatible with hosts based on Windows™, MacOS™ or Linux machines.
More detailed information about the installation process of the NOVAsom SDK can be found visiting the NOVAsom Industries web site at | www.novasomindustries.com.
Normally, for a relatively relaxed development, an I5 host with 60 GBytes of free hard disk space and 8GBytes of RAM is enough.
For very heavy developments (as a complex 3D supported Qt file system or a Chromium X based application) “the bigger is better”, so more RAM you can dedicate to the Virtual Machine the faster the Virtual Machine will run.
A more than good situation is an I7 host with 16GB of RAM and 128GB of free disk space.
For connecting to the NOVAsom U5 console you need a serial port, and considering that on modern desktop the serial port is not present a USB to Serial adapter is probably the only choice you have.
Finally, you need a µSD written with a basic file system, and a way to physically write the µSD itself.
You can download a µSD image from the | www.novasomindustries.com page in the NOVAsom U5 dedicated section, where you can find all the information about how to write a µSD from the NOVAsom U5 image you just downloaded using your preferred host system.
The NOVAsom U5 console
In order to use the serial console available on the NOVAsom U5 board you need a serial terminal.
GtkTerm is a good choice for Linux users, Teraterm is a nice choice for Windows™ users, it’s up to MacOS™ users to understand which kind of terminal application they need.
The NOVAsom U5 port is a standard RS232 serial port with a bit rate of 115200 with no flow control and 1 stop bit.
The pins from where to connect the serial port are pin 1 of J14 (TXD from NOVAsom U5 board), pin 2 of J14 (RXD to NOVAsom U5 board) and pin 3 of J14 (the GND connection), respectively connected to the pins 2,3 and 5 of a 9 pins DB connector, normally found on USB to Serial adapters.
Just plug both the power supply and the serial port and you will see the boot process of your new NOVAsom U5 board.
The first boot
The steps in order to boot your NOVAsom U5 board are:
- Create the µSD with a standard file system as described in chapter 6.1 above
- Insert the just written µSD in the J4 slot (note this is a push-push connector, avoid to extract the µSD forcing it or you can break the J4 µSD slot)
- Connect the serial port to your NOVAsom U5
- Insert an appropriate power source chord in the J1 connector and power it on.
After just some half a second you should see on your terminal application something similar to what you see in Figure 13 below, and this means you have your NOVAsom U5 powered up and running.
Figure 13: The NOVAsom U5 first boot
A special note about the µSD slot: the µSD slot has not been designed to insert or remove the µSD card with power applied, so inserting or removing a µSD card with applied power may result in a permanent damage to the card or, worst, to the NOVAsom U5 board.
The card MUST be inserted without power applied.
The presence switch that equips the µSD slot of the NOVAsom U5 board signals to the processor that a card is in the slot, thus allowing the boot process to read the boot loader from the µSD slot.
If the card is not found when the power is applied the boot process will look in qSPI chip (if present) for a valid boot loader code, but remember that the presence of the qSPI chip depends on the NOVAsom U5 board configuration.
Connections to J16
J16 supports a lot of signals, and most of them are connected at the processor level without buffering or protection.
Although the processor is quite protected on over and under voltages, care should be taken in order to avoid to stress the processor outside the recommended operating conditions, or permanent damages will result on the processor itself.
It’s quite common to overtake a ringing digital signal that stresses the processor outside the recommended operating conditions, so if you are in doubt use dump series resistors in the order of 1 KΩ for input signals.
In the table 3 the signals are named as the standard DTB factory functions, and the colored functions are the functions provided by the standard DTB factory functions.
You can find all the information on how to change a pin function visiting the | www.novasomindustries.com page in the NOVAsom U5 dedicated section, where you can find a lot of application notes and already developed tools and examples.
Connecting an external battery to the NOVAsom U5 board
The connector J2 is minded to connect a 3.7V external battery.
The external battery will be used on systems that need to be powered by an external battery.
On the other hand, the battery can be of a rechargeable type (Li-Ion or Lithium coin cell) and will be charged with 450 mA from the 5V supply.
Care should be taken to connect the correct battery (a 3.7V battery is requested, higher voltages will immediately destroy your NOVAsom U5 board) and connect the battery in the correct way, where the pin 1 of J2 is the positive and the pin 2 is the negative. A power inversion can permanently damage the battery or, worst, damage your NOVAsom U5 board.
Developing a NOVAsom U5 extension board
The i.MX 6ULL contains a limited number of pins, most of which have multiple signal options. These signal to pin and pin to signal options are selected by the input/output multiplexer called IOMUX.
The IOMUX is also used to configure other pin characteristics, such as voltage level, drive strength, and hysteresis.
Due to this, all the I/O pins on J16 behave as input at power up, and until the bootloader or the kernel are up and running, they are substantially configured as input. All the inputs have an internal 100kΩ pull up to the VCC rail, whichever the VCC is.
Keeping this in mind, all the pins that are configured to be an output needs a pull down resistor in the range of 15kΩ in order to keep the particular signal at the low level, if needed.
This is true for all the I/O pins marked with the green or orange box in Table 3 for J16.
The following Table 6 indicates the recommendations of the special function pin.
|USB: USB_OTG_DP, USB_OTG_DN, USBDN_DP2, USBDN_DM2, USBDN_DP3, USBDN_DM3: 90 Ω impedance||• Route the high-speed clocks and the DP and DM differential pair first.
• Route DP and DM signals on the top or bottom layer of the board • The trace width and spacing of the DP and DM signals should be such that the differential impedance is 90 Ω. • Route traces over continuous planes (power and ground). — They should not pass over any power/GND plane slots or anti-etch. — When placing connectors, make sure the ground plane clear-outs around each pin have ground continuity between all pins. • Maintain the parallelism (skew matched) between DP and DM; these traces should be the same overall length. • Do not route DP and DM traces under oscillators or parallel to clock traces and/or data buses. • Minimize the lengths of high-speed signals that run parallel to the DP and DM pair. • Keep DP and DM traces as short as possible. • Route DP and DM signals with a minimum number of corners. Use 45-degree turns instead of 90-degree turns. • Avoid layer changes (vias) on DP and DM signals. • Do not create stubs or branches. • Ferrite beads should NOT be placed on the USB D+/D– signal lines as this can cause USB signal integrity problems. For radiated emissions problems due to USB, a common mode choke may be placed on the D+/D– signal lines. However, in most cases, it should not be required if the PCB layout is satisfactory. Ideally, the common mode choke should be approved for high speed USB use or tested thoroughly to verify there are no signal integrity issues created.
|MIPI DSI: DSI_D0M, DSI_D0P, DSI_D1M, DSI_D1P, DSI_CLK0M, DSI_CLK0P: 100 Ω impedance|
|Driver based logic: CONSOLE_RS232_TXD, CONSOLE_RS232_RXD||No particular attention|
|I2C buses: I2C2_SCL, I2C2_SDA||No particular attention. The pull up resistor are on board, so they are not needed|
Table 6: Groups recommendations
Here there are some basic rules for the correct interfacing to J16:
- Don’t overdrive an input pin: all the pins have a 3.3V logic. Avoid to drive a normally powered 3.3V pin with values that exceeds those defined in Table 5: Recommended operating conditions.
- Pay attention to overshoot or undershoot, and if present use a damp resistor in the range of 100 Ω to 1K Ω in series. The internal protection of the i.MX6ULL will do the rest.
- Understand the idle logic level (e.g. during reset) and use the appropriate pull up or pull down if needed, in the range of 15kΩ. The i.MX6 processor has an internal pull up of 100 kΩ at power up on all I/O pins, so during the reset phase and for all the boot phases the I/O pins of the i.MX6 will float high. For example, if you drive an external load activated with a low level, you will get a logic one on the I/O pin until the kernel has not defined this is an output pin (some 5 to 12 seconds after power is applied, depending on file system size), so you will have your load activated during all the boot phases.
- Avoid short circuits between pins or between pins and power, even for limited time. Although the i.MX6 is quite well protected, this rises power dissipation, may lead to pin breaks or worst and in any case is not a good practice.
- Check thoroughly the impedance matching and trace lengths on the “special” signals listed in Table 6.
- Select the right output strength in the DTB file of your BSP and avoid using excessive strength for signals that don’t need this. Also, consider carefully the FAST output mode, as this leads to EMI problems and ring on not well-matched traces.
- The I2C lines (I2C2_SCL, I2C2_SDA) has a 3.3KΩ pull ups on the NOVAsom U5 board to their own power. Avoid to place additional pull ups on the I2C lines, as this may lead to malfunctioning due to excessive load.
- The USB HOST channels on J13 (USB_OTGDP and USB_OTG_DN) have already the power protections and management on the NOVAsom U5 board, and can be driven using a schematic like the one in the following Figure 14.
Figure 14: USB Expansion
With these simple hints you will successfully design your own Extension board.
Board outline and mechanical dimensions
Detailed drawings and additional information can be found visiting the | www.novasomindustries.com technical support page in the NOVAsom U5 dedicated section or contacting your sales/distributor contact.
Figure 15:The NOVAsom Dimensions
Here you can find a very basic list of things that can happen at the unexperienced user at the very first boot.
In case of hardware failure contact us at | www.novasomindustries.com for additional support and follow carefully the instructions.
|Power is applied but I can’t see anything on the terminal output.||
• Check your µSD has been correctly inserted in J4 slot and power is applied.
|I see the terminal but I have no connection with the network||Check your cables and your connectivity, maybe you need to ask your network administrator. The NOVAsom U5 base image has a dhcp client active, so you need an accessible dhcp server to effectively use the network interface. If still you don’t find anything wrong this should indicate a hardware failure.|
|I can’t see any video on the LCD panel||Check your log (on the terminal the command is dmesg | grep LCD). If the result doesn’t contain Detected LCD controller check your DTB file|
|I can’t see any video on the LVDS monitor||
• Check the voltage levels for the LCD power supply and the backlight power supply.
Web page: www.novasomindustries.com
Document revisions, references and notes
|NI150316-HUM-P-V1.7||24/09/2019 cross references correction|
For the NOVAsom Industries products and NOVAsom U5 in detail: www.novasomindustries.com
For the i.MX processors: NXP i.MX 6ULL Applications Processor Reference Manual
NXP i.MX BSP Porting Guide
Information contained in this publication regarding device applications and the like is provided only for your convenience and may be superseded by updates.
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